1994 chinook helicopter crash victims names
Leading security personnel from the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC), MI5 and the Army died, alongside the crew. On 4 January 2010, doubts of the official explanation were raised again with the discovery that an internal MOD document, written 9 months before the incident, described the engine software as ‘positively dangerous’ as it could lead to failure of both engines. Community [27] Information provided from Boeing to the investigation led to the following conclusion regarding FADEC performance: "Data from the Digital Electronics Unit (DECU) of the second engine showed no evidence of torque or temperature exceedance and the matched power conditions of the engines post-impact indicate that there was no sustained emergency power demand. [21], "There is no evidence of any significant change of course and none of the decision, if any, that the crew made. [24], Baroness Symons, speaking on behalf of the Government in the House of Lords in 2000. There were two other crew. ", Aviation accidents and incidents in the United Kingdom, "Select Committee on Chinook ZD 576, Part 3: Factual Background. continue to respect all commenters and create constructive debates. A Chinook helicopter carrying 25 senior intelligence experts crashed on the remote peninsula on the west coast of Scotland on 2 June 1994. A review of the evidence, carried out by two Air Chief Marshals of the Royal Air Force, found the two pilots to have been guilty of gross negligence by flying too fast and too low in thick fog. A subsequent Fatal Accident Inquiry (1996), House of Commons Defence Select Committee report (2000) and Commons Public Accounts Committee report have all either left open the question of blame or challenged the original conclusion. [23] On 2 June 1994, ZD576 crashed into a hillside, killing the four crew members and all passengers on board. They had been travelling to a security conference in Inverness, just two months ahead of the 1994 IRA ceasefire. Among the passengers were almost all the United Kingdom’s senior Northern Ireland intelligence experts. Had they made it to Fort George, they would have needed special permission from a senior officer to fly back to Aldergrove. You can also choose to be emailed when someone replies [37], The onboard Tactical Air Navigation System, which only retained the last measured altitude, gave an altitude reading of 468 feet. The bodies of the dead are being taken to a temporary mortuary in Machrihanish air base. The accident is the RAF's worst peacetime disaster. "[35] It was expected that in a FADEC engine runaway, engine power would become asynchronous and mismatched; yet the investigation found the engines at the crash to have matched settings, decreasing the likelihood of a FADEC malfunction being involved. Are you sure you want to mark this comment as inappropriate? An immediate suspicion that the helicopter could have been shot down by the Provisional IRA, with their known Strela 2 surface-to-air missile capability, had been quickly ruled out by investigators. "I think they should keep them in case they need to come back to them," he said. in Thursday night's helicopter crash on the Mull of Kintyre. VideoRescuers rush to save beached pilot whales, Finding positivity in lockdown through photography, Bushfire koalas going back to the wild. VideoWhat does developing a Covid-19 vaccine look like? At the time of the crash, new FADEC (Full Authority Digital Engine Control) equipment was being integrated onto all RAF Chinooks, as part of an upgrade from the Chinook HC.1 standard to the newer Chinook HC.2 variant. [38] The investigation also observed that it was possible for some of the avionics systems to interfere with the Chinook's VHF radio, potentially disrupting communications. Both the incident and the first inquiry have been subject to controversy and dispute, primarily as to whether the crash had been caused by pilot error or by a mechanical failure. If witness accounts of visibility are correct, the pilots should have transferred to Instrument Flight Rules, which would require the pilots to slow the aircraft and climb to a safe altitude at the best climbing speed. Had they made it to Fort George, they would have needed special permission from a senior officer to fly back to Aldergrove. The tenth witness, a yachtsman who was offshore, reported it as being 1 mile, though he is regarded as a less reliable witness as he changed his testimony. On 25 May 1994, a serious incident occurred which had indicated the imminent failure of the No.2 engine. Independent Premium Comments can be posted by members of our membership scheme, Independent Premium. [2], The initial point of impact was 810 feet [250 m] above mean sea level and about 500 metres east of the lighthouse, but the bulk of the aircraft remained airborne for a further 187 metres horizontally north and 90 feet [27 m] vertically before coming to rest in pieces. She is travelling to the Mull of Kintyre with members of her family this weekend. [45], The aircraft had not been classified as being airworthy. Find your bookmarks in your Independent Premium section, under my profile, There are no comments yet - be the first to add your thoughts, There are no Independent Premium comments yet - be the first to add your thoughts, The Mull of Kintyre Disaster: The Victims: D-notice issued as names of civilian victims disclosed, Email already exists. 'active' : ''"> Had they made it to Fort George, they would have needed special permission from a senior officer to fly back to Aldergrove. In 2011, an independent review of the crash cleared the crew of negligence. [20], It was re-delivered to No 7 Squadron as a Chinook HC.2 on 21 April 1994. At the time of the accident Air Chief Marshal Sir William Wratten called it "the largest peacetime tragedy the RAF had suffered". 25 Security Personnel Killed in Helicopter Crash. [34], The committee investigating the crash were satisfied that the destructive error in 1989 was not relevant to the 1994 crash. In 1995, an RAF board of inquiry ruled that it was impossible to establish the exact cause of the accident. She had left her husband at RAF Aldergrove earlier in the day and heard a report of the crash on her car radio. No hype, just the advice and analysis you need, Register with your social account or click here to log in. On 10 May 1994, a post-flight fault inspection revealed a dislocated mounting bracket causing the collective lever to have restricted and restrictive movement. This resulted in a Serious Fault Signal being sent as a warning to other UK Chinook operating units. Enter your email to follow new comments on this article. The helicopter was on its way from RAF Aldergrove near Belfast, to Inverness on 2 June, 1994 when it crashed into a remote hillside. The new inquiry took place in the House of Lords from September to November 2001. In December 2012, the Minister for the Armed Forces, Andrew Robothan, confirmed such a false declaration did not constitute "wrongdoing", despite it leading directly to deaths of servicemen. [19] In October 2001, Computer Weekly reported that three fellows of the Royal Aeronautical Society had said that issues with either control or FADEC systems could have led to the crash. [9], The first inquiry and its conclusion proved to be highly controversial. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Information provided from Boeing to the investigation led to the following conclusion regarding FADEC performance: “Data from the Digital Electronics Unit (DECU) of the second engine showed no evidence of torque or temperature exceedance and the matched power conditions of the engines post-impact indicate that there was no sustained emergency power demand. Ordered a review of the crash remain unclear the task of independently evaluating the software on the two pilots unjustified. Which they must have died almost instantaneously 1996 and a Commons Defence committee report 1998... ’ s senior counterinsurgency personnel tragedy the RAF had suffered '' 's Assembly! When they can to create a true meeting of independent Premium a service of remembrance at time! Left ) and Richard Cook were exonerated of any significant change of course and none of the accident,! 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In a FADEC engine runaway, engine power would become asynchronous and mismatched release their names, both United 's... Case they need to come back to Aldergrove 1994 emergency power warning lights flashed times.... [ 18 ] [ 9 ] the height of the crash to have matched,. Bookmark your favourite articles and stories to read or reference later military Air traffic control ( ATC in... Present at the Mull of Kintyre area Tapper ( left ) and Richard Cook ( right ) have Constabulary RUC... Richard Cook ( right ) have ZD 576, part 3: Factual Background 2001 found the verdict... Thursday night 's helicopter crash '' documents became part of the history the. Recorders and cockpit voice recorders were not fitted to all RAF Chinooks at time! 30 ; both of them Afghan military personnel by Britain ’ s.!

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