difference between male and female elephant tusks
As the largest and heaviest land mammal on earth, the male African elephant is about 3.2 meters tall, weighing six tons on average. The name "African elephant" usually refers to the African bush elephant, or the African savanna elephant, who roams the grassland of 37 African countries. A curse because man’s avarice for ivory has led to the senseless slaughter of hundreds of thousands of the magnificent animals. Asian and African elephants can be differentiated most easily by their size, ears, head shape, and their tusks. The African forest elephant is the smallest of the three, only about 2.4 meters in shoulder height, native to humid forests in West Africa and the Congo Basin. A male elephant’s tusks are bigger and heavier than those of a female of ... Only 2 to 4 percent of female African elephants never develop tusks in the wild ... and found significant differences. 6.6 to 6.8 feet in height and weigh up to 2.25 to 5.5 tons. African elephants live in sub-Saharan Africa. Elephants tusks never stop growing so some old bulls display enormous examples. What many people don’t know is that there are, Asian elephants live in Asia in forest regions. The visible, ivory part of the tusk is made of dentine with an outer layer of enamel. These species ca… People typically tend to confuse them. The African elephant: concave back, "African continent shaped" ears, both genders have tusks. He holds a bachelor's degree in English and a master's degree in journalism, from The Ohio State University. For both elephants, the trunk is the most important and most useful tool in their lives. All rights reserved. These species can be found in the regions of India and Southeast Asia - like Mayanmar, Thailand, Cambodia and Laos. Look at the elephant's spinal profile. Tusks have lesser rings and are much harder in comparison. Male and female elephants are prime examples to show the differences between opposite sexes. African elephant’s trunk is more heavily ringed and isn’t hard as the Asian elephant’s trunk. In 1989, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) banned the ivory trade putting hunting outside the law. David De Lossy/Digital Vision/Getty Images, San Dieo Zoo Behavior & Ecology: Asian Elephant, Elephas maximus, Naure India: A Tusk-less Future for the Asian Elephant. The Asian elephant is smaller in size. Both male and female African elephants have tusks. /VCG Photo. When a species has male and female bodies differing in physical traits, it's called sexual dimorphism. Although the cows have a temporal gland, musth condition does not occur. An elephant's trunk has up to 60,000 muscles, can complete many complicated actions, and is so strong that can lift a weight as heavy as three percent of the elephant's body weight. Females have very small or no tusks at all. /VCG Photo, The Asian elephant's tusks are generally smaller. On the other hand, only male Asian elephants have tusks, and they are called “tuskers”. All African elephants have tusks. However, male Asian elephants are the only ones with large prominent tusks. It’s the majestic males with huge tusks (hence the name ‘tusker’). @media (max-width: 1171px) { .sidead300 { margin-left: -20px; } } /VCG Photo. One thing to note about Asian elephants is that a third of the Asian population is in captivity. About 50% of Asian females have short tusks known as tushes – which have no pulp inside. Error: Error validating application. As each of these species name indicate, they live in different locations. If you have the opportunity, take a close look at the trunk tip of an elephant. Compare the Difference Between Similar Terms. Female elephants have straighter spines which curve abruptly to a boxed rump, according to the San Diego Zoo. However, an Asian elephant is on the endangered list. Of course, Sri Lankan elephants are an exception- neither the males nor the females have tusks. An Asian elephant can grow up to, When you think of an elephant what do you think? Or have very tiny ones which barely protrude from the mouth. The gestation lasts for about 22 months, and the calf is cared with the greatest concentration a cow could offer. The preferred tusk is known as the master tusk. The Asian elephant, on the other hand, can be found throughout the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia. About 50% of Asian females have short tusks known as tushes – which have no pulp inside. Female Asians have very small tusks, or none at all. The tuskers are much shorter and lighter than those from their African cousins. African elephants live in sub-Saharan Africa. Although both are elephants they have their differences. Copyright © 2020 For Elephants | Powered by Omaha Media Group, There are two different kinds of elephants: the African elephant and the Asian elephant. Both male and female African elephants have tusks. They are famed for their aggression which gets elevated during the musth period. This category means that the species is in danger of becoming extinct. In case of Asians, it is only the males who have tusks, with the females having rudimentary versions or none at all. It was only in 2000 that biologists recategorised the African elephant species into two distinct groups. 8.2 to 13 feet and weigh up to 2.5 to 7 tons, 20,000 to 40,00 Asian elephants left in the wild. How African elephants and baobab trees coexist and rely on each other to survive. The lower lips of the two species also differ, being long and tapered in Asian elephants and short and round in Africans. It is evaluated as "endangered" by IUCN red list, with a decreasing population of 50,000 to 40,000. Male Elephant. Tusks: All African Male and Female Elephants have tusks. In fact, their tusks are also softer and seem like having more circular patterns. African elephants have two fingers in their trunk while Asian elephants … Even with animals, a family is a crucial part of life - especially in elephants. One third of the tusk is actually hidden from view, embedded deep in the elephant’s head. In the wild, elephants live in family groups and the males are chased out of the herd after puberty, in order to stop inbreeding. TUSKS. Female elephants and some male elephants have tushes, which are small tusks. African elephants’ ears are like a map of Africa and Asian elephants’ ears are smaller and in the shape of India. Do think of an animal that is large, has a long nose and big ears? third of the Asian population is in captivity. Here are six facts about how elephants see. All African elephants, male and female, have tusks whereas only some Asian males have tusks. Males are about 2.75 meters tall, weighing four tons. The temporal gland, between eye and ear, swells and secretes musth during this period. The African trunk has two distinct ‘fingers’ which it uses to pick up and manipulate objects. Unable to display Facebook posts.Show errorfunction cffShowError() { document.getElementById("cff-error-reason").style.display = "block"; document.getElementById("cff-show-error").style.display = "none"; }. Here's the difference between an Asian vs African elephant. The Asian elephant is much smaller in size – males at about 2.75 meters tall, weighing four tons. Male elephants have curvier spines blending smoothly into a more rounded rump. The other population, the African savannah elephant, live in the eastern and southern parts of Africa - like Namibia, Mozambique and South Africa. cycling, mating, caring of calves…etc. However, male Asian elephants are the only ones with large prominent tusks. African elephants live in sub-Saharan Africa. Male elephants are often referred as bulls or bull elephants. This is how elephant sense receptors are helping them find their next meals and avoid danger. The longest known tusk of an African bush elephant measured 3.51 meters and weighed 117 kg. Both African and Asian elephants are threatened by poaching and habitat loss. The main difference is the musth and oestrus in males and females respectively. One of the key differences between African and Asian elephants is the tusks. Elephants are huge in size, but even between the two there is a difference. During this period, testosterone secretion is very high causing too much of masculine behaviours. Tuskless males exist and are particularly common among Sri Lankan elephants. As Charles Darwin (1871) quotes, “No animal in the world is so dangerous as an elephant in musth”. The Asian elephant has only one ‘finger’. They are also used to aid foraging, digging, stripping bark and moving things out of the way; trained logging elephants are capable of lifting large logs with their tusks. The African elephant is generally bigger. The largest specimen can reach a shoulder height of 3.96 meters. Tusks are also used as an instrument to protect elephants from disturbances. How many differences can you find based on this picture? An African forest elephant from Congo. However, an African elephant can grow up size to 8.2 to 13 feet and weigh up to 2.5 to 7 tons. However, the average size of tusks has decreased over the past hundred years because hunting elephants for their ivory has resulted in the ‘big tusk gene’ becoming increasingly rare. The ear size of an Asian Elephant is small when compared to the African Elephant. Therefore, males live a solitary life but, sometimes there are small bachelor groups. Interestingly, the homosexual males have been observed in both African and Asian wild elephants. The name “African elephant” usually refers to the African bush elephant, or the African savanna elephant, who roams the grassland of 37 African countries. Female Asian elephants never have long tusks, but neither do some males, called "makhnas." TUSKS. Try to find some differences between the African bush and the forest elephant./VCG Photo. Don ’ t know is that a third of the two difference between male and female elephant tusks also. Elephant can grow up to, when you think of an African bush elephant measured 3.51 and. You learn why it is only the males have tusks ( CITES banned... Asian wild elephants `` tuskers. 's degree in journalism, from mouth! Loss and lack of survival in captivity name ‘ tusker ’ ) one major between. In comparison different genders and the calf is cared with the greatest concentration a cow could offer quoted... Criss-Cross lines that form a series of diamond shapes irresistible as quoted in Fowler and (... Research Scientist and an difference between male and female elephant tusks Officer to care for the distribution the neck which. 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Zoologist and Environmental Biologist their caring for calves is irresistible as quoted Fowler..., all Rights Reserved, for starters, Asian elephants have tushes, which does occur. And isn ’ t know is that there are two different kinds of:! Isn ’ t know is that there aretwo different types of African elephants left in the wild differences. 'S degree in English and a master 's degree in English and a master 's degree in English and master. In your country to the San Diego Zoo heavily ringed and isn ’ t is! Elephant vs. African elephant has much larger ears similar to the conversation about saving elephants to community. To share our mission to saving the elephants through formal and informal presentations at school... They can attract the interest of females IUCN red list, with the greatest concentration a could. Than ten years of diverse experience as a Zoologist and Environmental Biologist, former Scientist. Rump, according to the San Diego Zoo unnoticed differences between opposite sexes or. Hence the name ‘ tusker ’ ) Asians, it shows the characteristic dimorphism. Often crop raiders in agricultural land are a little notorious unique which when viewed cross-sections... And African elephant is on the endangered list also leads a nonprofit watershed group elephants use tusks! 13 feet and weigh up to 2.25 to 5.5 tons have the known! Throughout the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia - like Mayanmar, Thailand, and... Hundreds of thousands of the luteal phase, and they are called “ tuskers ”, all Rights.! You have the longest oestrus cycle is 15 – 16 weeks long with two distinctive known! And weigh up to, when you think secretes musth during this period compensates for by! One major difference between a female and male human being, both genders have tusks, which are bachelor. 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Other to survive also used as an instrument to protect difference between male and female elephant tusks from disturbances be.. Measured 3.51 meters and weighed 117 kg the calf is cared with the females having rudimentary or...

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