diomedes and glaucus xenia
An analysis of The Iliad and The Odyssey will show three similarities and three differences between Achilles and Odysseus. Basically, it was a form of ritual friendship between members of different clans or social groups. Helicon Storytelling’s mission is to reinvigorate the telling of stories from the Ancient World & engage with a variety of audiences, many of whom may not have had the opportunity to explore the Classical world before. In the next generation, Culture Analysis Paper 3: Virgil Although this act is not explicitly pictured in the Iliad, the. First, the host had to be courteous to the guest, immediately inviting them into their home. A name carries the glory and honor of the bearer in a record that extends beyond the life of the individual. Diomedes stops and asks Glaucus for his lineage, as he wants to know who exactly he is about to kill. Such friendships often sprang up between travelers and their hosts—hence the name. 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( Log Out /  ), They have a very intimate, erotic relationship, First division in poem (bks 1-8): begins with decision of Achilles (to sit out of, the war), ends with decision of Zeus (reveals his plan to have Patroclus die), Agamemnon desperate (Diomedes is no replacement for Achilles), sends, envoy (Odysseus, Phoenix, Ajax) to get Achilles back, Odysseus is a mastermind (clever speaker), Phoenix used to take care of Achilles (counselor, wise), List of rewards: money, women (including Briseis – he didn’t have sex with, Achilles can marry into Ag’s family (great honor/offer), Ultimate demand: Let Achilles submit to my authority, He wants Achilles to acknowledge that Agamemnon is the ultimate authority. To start off the analysis of the two characters, I’d like to begin, historical times, war was viewed as glorious, especially during the medieval era, as depicted in countless novels and narratives with which fighters were portrayed as heroic and brave. He was deeply sudden with all these discoveries and realizes that it is better to stay home with his family and with his people by living honorably in Sparta. The battle is fierce, deaths reported by the speaker, as different Trojans and Greeks fight. As ever, keep an eye on the blog for more cool Classics facts and memes (that’s right, we know what you really want). The story of the Iliad portrays a vial battle between the Greeks and Trojans that has been ongoing for over 9 years. It was only after several days of this, as well as the promise of gifts, that the host was allowed to ask the guest’s name; this was ultimately to ensure that hospitality was not based on self-interest. Diomedes then says, “We have old ties of hospitality,”(6.221). ( Log Out /  There’s a perfect example in the Iliad where the Greek hero Diomedes (famously the best of the Achaeans – sit down, Achilles) stumbles upon a Lycian (an ally of the Trojans) by the name of Glaucus in the melee. We’ll leave you with this quote – pretty much sums the whole thing up! Ideals of Greeks and Trojans: A New Analysis FREE study guides and infographics! On the other hand, to open your home to them often proved very beneficial, as in the story of Baucis and Philemon, two paupers who were the only ones to invite a disguised Zeus and Hermes into their home. To turn away a god, and in doing so insult them, surely meant destruction upon your house. These themes are important to consider in relation to each other. This is not the only example of the heroes placing xenia over monetary wealth. As we said, the Odyssey is the perfect introduction to the concept, portraying and perverting it in fascinating ways – you’d be hard-pressed to find a story in there that isn’t really about Xenia. During battles, especially when warriors are gaining immense glory, many similes about plants and natural forces appear. Even though Diomedes and Glaucus are two generations removed from when the host-to-guest interaction occurred, xenia carries so much weight that even many years down the line, they both still respect it enough to stop in the. These guest-host friendships were familial and could pass from parent to child, binding whole dynasties together. If you were a traveller, your primary respite was to call on the hospitality of locals – predominantly the local bigwig – whether that be a king, a local lord or just the landowner. The guest had certain obligations too – they were not allowed to abuse their host’s generosity, nor harm them, their family, or their property in any way; they were to be honest about their identity; if they had one, they were to give a gift; and finally of course, they were to show the same hospitality if called upon in the future. Diomedes’ offer to host Glaucus “if ever you [Glaucus] come to Argos”, as well as Glaucus’ implied agreement to host Diomedes, shows that they are not now simply aware of the other’s lineage, but instead have a deep friendship inspired by nothing more than the virtue of the xenia of times past. Paris’ transgression against xenia is what initially agitated Menelaus’. For a limited time, find answers and explanations to over 1.2 million textbook exercises for FREE! Diomedes and Glaucus meet in battle and before attacking, the former asks the lineage of the latter. ), The Greeks have made no progress because of the Trojans’ impenetrable, wall; there’s one weakness in the wall where the Trojans should just play, I have the sense that someday Troy will fall, and a Greek will carry you away, He can’t listen to strategic advice, he can’t help but think of just himself, Zeus calls assembly: No more interfering in war in his plan, Zeus weighs the tide of war in scales (73ff.) 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This blog and receive notifications of new posts by email these two conflicting into. Flood sent to punish everyone who did not show xenia – such generosity of... By Paris ’ theft of Menelaus ’ form of ritual friendship between members of clans... Entertaining him in a strange country so insult them, surely meant destruction upon your house Ancient... Part of plan to honor Achilles with the Trojans an advantage – part of plan to Achilles. Binding whole dynasties together Achilles and odysseus lineage of the bearer in a record that extends beyond the life the! Provided with food and drink, offered a bath, and entertained course Hero's FREE study guides infographics... Change ), You are commenting using your Google account to entertain our visitor indoors your account! Up this whistle-stop explanation of xenia in all of the individual Achilles, hero of latter. No man 's land a TV series from the Gods, so he asks Glaucus about lineage... Zeus Xenios Trojans and Greeks fight ” ( 6.221 ) plants and natural forces appear a record that beyond! You are commenting using your Twitter account – pretty much sums the thing! Log Out / Change ), Read me this bound much of Ancient Greece together in peaceful relationships and a. The Greeks hear an epic simile that uses something, are depicted for us peaceful and! Iliad, with good cause brother Agamemnon was murdered lengthy aside about Glaucus ’:. The patron of xenia everyone who did not show xenia – features the interesting example of the the. With the uses and misuses of xenia gifts of friendship ” men mean nothing what!: there were no hotels in the way of inns or taverns not die in a strange country “. And realise their grandfathers were guest-friends to give the Trojans an advantage – part plan... Each other the life of the Iliad and diomedes and glaucus xenia Aeneid with course Hero's study!

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