karl adolf brandt
He was arrested and sentenced to death by a U.S. military tribunal for his involvement in war crimes. We have created a browser extension. A son, Karl Adolf Brandt, was born to them the next year. [5] From the summer of 1934 forward, he was Hitler's "escort physician". Brandt suggested the use of carbon monoxide gas, to which Hitler gave his approval. United States of America v. Karl Brandt, et al. He transferred as an assistant medical director to the Surgical University Clinic of Berlin in … [2] Historian Horst Freyhofer asserts that, in the absence of at least Brandt's "tacit" approval, it is highly unlikely that the grotesque and cruel medical experiments for which the Nazi doctors are infamous, could have been performed. eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'historylearningsite_co_uk-leader-3','ezslot_16',118,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'historylearningsite_co_uk-leader-3','ezslot_17',118,'0','1'])); Judge Sebring: “Would an order which authorised or directed a subordinate medical officer to select subjects involuntarily and subject them to experiments, the execution of which that officer knew would likely result in the death of the subject, would such an order be reasonable?”, Brandt: “That is a difficult question to answer, because it depends on a clear chain of command. Over a period of two years, he masterminded the extermination of thousands of people and also performed cruel medical experiments on the civilians and prisoners-of-war. However, Hitler was furious when he learned that Brandt had moved his wife and son out of Berlin and towards the Allied lines. He said on the scaffold: “It is no shame to stand upon the scaffold. Despite Brandt's closeness to Hitler, the dictator was furious when he learned shortly before the end of the war that the doctor had sent Anni and their son toward the American lines in hopes of evading capture by the Russians. Brandt made such a good impression that he was invited to become one of Hitler’s personal physicians. German physician, Nazi criminal, SS-Gruppenführer. Brandt was released from prison on May 2nd 1945 on the orders of Karl Dönitz, who succeeded Hitler as Führer . He was charged with Freezing, Malaria, LOST Gas, Sulfanilamide, Bone, Muscle and Nerve Regeneration and Bone Transplantation, Sea-Water, Epidemic Jaundice, Sterilization, and Typhus Experiments and was also in connection with the planning and carrying out of the Nazi's T-4 Euthanasia Program of the German Reich and his overall membership in the SS. If Himmler ordered a Dr X to conduct a certain experiment, it is quite possible that Dr X might be unwilling to carry out such an order. Morrell claimed that they were vitamin or glucose based injections but Brandt had his doubts. The environment was not good for a newly qualified doctor – with so many unemployed very few could afford a doctor’s fees. Born as the son of a Prussian Army officer, Brandt grew up to be a brilliant young man who became a medical doctor and surgeon. The offer was refused. He was a major figure in the forced abortion program under which abortions were brutally induced upon thousands of pregnant women who were deemed “genetically defective” by the Nazi regime. [2] Nine other defendants received prison terms of between fifteen years and life, while a further seven were found not guilty. He joined the Nazi party before serving as a Personal Physician of Adolf Hitler. Unemployment rapidly grew from 1930. Brandt was the driving force behind the euthanasia programme that started in pre-war Nazi Germany and was rolled out across all of Occupied Europe after September 1939. Brandt became one of the major medical figures who in the context of the law performed forced abortions on a large number of women deemed genetically disordered, mentally or physically handicapped or racially deficient. He became a medical doctor in 1928. He said on the scaffold: eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'historylearningsite_co_uk-leader-2','ezslot_15',123,'0','0'])); “It is no shame to stand upon the scaffold. On April 16, 1945, he was arrested by the Gestapo, and was condemned to death by a court at Berlin. I have served my Fatherland as others before me." As such, Brandt was very much part of Hitler’s inner circle. An ambitious young man, he joined the upcoming Nazi Party in January 1932. [2] This very exclusive group functioned as Hitler's de facto family circle. I have served my Fatherland as others before me…………..”. In 1942, Brandt was accorded even more power and was appointed Commissioner of Sanitation and Health (Bevollmächtiger für das Sanitäts und Gesundheitswesen) by Hitler. Hitler’s personal doctor was Theodor Morrell . Summary. When Hitler planned to implement an involuntary euthanasia scheme to dispose of the citizens he deemed useless, he chose Brandt to head the program. He was asked: Brandt’s execution was carried out at Landsberg Prison on June 2. [5] He became a member of the SA in 1933 and a member of the SS on 29 July 1934; appointed the officer rank of Untersturmführer. To install click the Add extension button. Crimes against humanity: committing crimes described under count 2 also on German nationals; Membership in a criminal organization, the SS. This is nothing but political revenge. From 1929 he worked as an intern at the "Bergmannsheil" Hospital in Bochum. Under the scheme, the German physicians were directed to sign off patients "incurably sick, by critical medical examination" and then administer to them a "mercy death". Judgment was pronounced on August 19, 1947 and Brandt was sentenced to death by hanging. Brandt attempted to defend himself against the charges. They were regarded as 'useless eaters' and a burden to the German war machine. He joined the Nazi party before serving as a Personal Physician of Adolf Hitler. However, he greatly displeased Hitler when he moved his family out of Berlin. After World War Two ended Brandt was arrested and put on trial for crimes against humanity. This is nothing but political revenge. This included those who were physically or mentally disabled. Brandt was one of the 15 defendants found guilty of war crimes at the Doctors Trial. Afler receiving the Gymnasium diploma, he studied medicine in Jena, Freiburg i. In such a case – and here the authoritarian character of our system of government must be taken into account – any personal code of ethics must give way to the total character of war.”. He became a medical doctor in 1928. [9] In addition to these considerations, Brandt's explanation at his trial for his criminal actions – particularly ordering experimentation on human beings – was that "... Any personal code of ethics must give way to the total character of the war". Why Himmler took this stand is not known but he may well have viewed Brandt as one of ‘his men’, someone he could rely on for support in his attempt to sue for peace in obvious defiance of Hitler. Karl Brandt was born on January 8, 1904, in Mulhouse, Alsace-Lorraine. Karl Brandt ( January 8, 1904 – June 2, 1948) was the personal physician of Adolf Hitler in August 1944 and headed the administration of the Nazi euthanasia program from 1939. However, Hitler was furious when he learned that Brandt had moved his wife and son out of Berlin and towards the Allied lines. He held a powerful position in Nazi Germany and was the administrator of the Aktion T4 euthanasia program during which a recorded 70,273 people were killed at various hospitals in Germany and Austria. Before the execution was carried out Brandt offered his body for medical research. History Learning Site Copyright © 2000 - 2020. The offer was refused. [5] He was released from arrest by order of Karl Dönitz on 2 May. Following his arrest, he was tried along with 22 others in the trial that was officially titled ‘United States of America v. Karl Brandt et al.’, but is more commonly referred to as the "Doctors' Trial". [7] Additional power was afforded Brandt when on 28 July 1942, he was appointed Commissioner of Sanitation and Health (Bevollmächtigter für das Sanitäts- und Gesundheitswesen) by Hitler and was thereafter only bound by the Führer's instructions. However, he was cut off mid-sentence as a black hood was placed over his head. Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea! This page was last edited on 18 April 2020, at 23:58. (also known as the Doctors' Trial), was prosecuted in 1946-47 against twenty-three doctors and administrators accused of organizing and participating in war crimes and crimes against humanity in the form of medical experiments and medical procedures inflicted on prisoners and civilians.

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