negative effects of the columbian exchange essay
The event describes the mutual exchange of plants, animals, goods and diseases between Europe and Asia. They would go on to trade the plants, animals or technology, but sadly diseases became a negative consequence of trading between the New and, The Three Ideas Of Political Justice In Plato's Republic, The Negative Effects On Society's Perceptions Of Justice, The Suburban Life In Goodbye, Columbus By Phillip Roth, Science And Symbolism In Ayn Rand's Anthem, Positive And Negative Effects Of The Columbian Exchange. This crop could be grown quickly and in other places that wheat could not. We’ve got you covered. i.) There was also and exchange of cropping systems (Carney, 2001). The variety of animals, plants, and diseases that were transferred between the populations, one being the natives and the other the Europeans, impacted society at that specific time period and still does today. Almost all Old World crops, plants, and animals thrived in the New World environment. we can write an original essay just for you. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing style below: Sorry, copying is not allowed on our website. Maize, potatoes, squashes, chiles, and cassava became a staple crop for hundreds of millions of Europeans, Africans, and Asians. Results of the epidemics were staggering: Millions of natives died from these diseases because of their lack of immunity to them. Prior to the arrival of Europeans, America was mostly disease free due to the cold involved in the Bering Land Bridge and the last glaciation period. Abstract . Want us to write one just for you? Syphilis disease also passed to the Europeans. In the times of the columbian exchange, there were many items of distribution that had been transferred between the Americas and the rest of the world. 2018 Oct 16 [cited 2020 Nov 4]. Maize, or American corn, was used for a variety of reasons, like its ability to be store/dried, could be successfully cultivated in numerous regions, and also its similarity to wheat. Sugarcane could be transformed into sugar, which became a commodity of this time period. The Amerindians had gone to the New World over the Beringian Land Bridge, which existed in a period of mass glaciation, whose cold eliminated the risk of most diseases. This exchange did not birth slavery in Africa, slave exchanging, Analysis 13 However, the reduced native population, and the overall reduced human population existing in the Americas, resulted in environmental recovery: animals that were previously hunted rebounded in numbers, and forests that were cut and burnt down regrew (McNeill). Potatoes were useful because of their resistance to certain weather conditions, and were “cheap food for sailors” (Malone, Gray, Ryan, Ross). As a result of this trade across the Atlantic, we can see the difference between the domestication levels of the natives compared to that of the whites. 5.0 Conclusion 22 The exportation of Amerindian animals did not have the same impact as Amerindian crops or Old World crops and animals. An Analysis of the Positive and Negative Effects of the Columbian Exchange on Afro-eurasia and the Americas He coined, of the Atlantic rattlesnakes developed, but on the other, vipers grew. The peoples who would later become the Europeans did not experience this effect to such a degree as they were in regions of higher temperatures and had greater populations to share diseases. The Old World and New World environments were both similar. The horse was one of the animals introduced to the native population, for now natives could hunt much more effectively and efficiently for large groups of animals or be more powerful in combat (Malone, Gray, Ross, Ryan). If the Columbian Exchange had not happened, Europe’s ability to industrialize would have decreased, and it would have been a possibility that the Industrial Revolution might not have occurred. Students who find writing to be a difficult task. By continuing we’ll assume you board with our cookie policy. By discovering the Americas, it had transformed the world. You can get 100% plagiarism FREE essay in 30sec, Sorry, we cannot unicalize this essay. The traders got goods such as sugar, tobacco, and cotton in exchange which they brought back to Europe. Smallpox is a deadly disease that was transferred from the Europeans to many native citizens of America when they arrived. The Columbian Exchange was an exchange of people, animals, crops, disease and culture between the New World, the Americas, and the Old World, consisting of Europe, Asia and Africa. The “difference between the animals on the different sides of the Atlantic was extraordinary… The natives only had a few animal servants…he (Christopher Columbus) brought horses, dogs, pigs, cattle, chickens, sheep, and goats” (Malone, Gray, Ross, Ryan). This exchange was not only for Europe and the Americas, but also Africa and Asia. Almost everywhere in world, at least one American crop was introduced and complemented existing crops. Some of these diseases include smallpox, measles, chickenpox, influenza, malaria, and yellow fever, all of which were easily lethal to the Native Americans. As a direct result of this, the population of the Americas decreased, although as time passed, the population recovered. Amerindian crops made their way to Eurasia and Africa as well. As a result, the aborigines were decimated, as well as “their Arawak brothers in Cuba, Puerto Rico, and Jamaica (Crosby) followed them into oblivion shortly after” (Crosby). However, they have different points of primary interest. The term Columbian Exchange refers to the exchange regarding animals, plants, diseases and food between the. In 1492, Christopher Columbus had no such luxury. If you fit this description, you can use our free essay samples to generate ideas, get inspired and figure out a title or outline for your paper. For a long time biodiversity has been caused by the geographic separation of different species of life and sublife (viruses) (Crosby). Disease of any sort was very deadly to almost every population located in the Americas, whether they were located on the coast or more inland. Maize was also quite important in this exchange between the Old and New World. He believed that his colony, an irrigated valley in Peru, would grow olive trees well, so on one of his trips between Spain and this colony he brought from the former many olive seedlings. They were used for both food and for their hide, which was often shipped back to the motherland. But, to completely contradict this, deadly diseases that the native population had not yet experienced and become immune to were also traded between the Old World and the New World. The second item that derived from the Columbian Exchange was tobacco. “By the late 20th century, about one-third of the world’s food supply came from plants first cultivated in the Americas.” (McNeill). The American potato was their primary source of food, and it was also one of their best exports to the world. Smallpox is a perfect example of the positive and negative effects of the Columbian Exchange refers the! Provided Europe with the necessary variety of food, this Exchange lasted until the mid 1700s multiple purposes their..., culture, and potatoes can not unicalize this essay greatest impact of these New animals was the trade goods... 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